Today, my mother sends me a message on Viber and it said: “Fadak, you should start writing about Iraqi history and current events”. She went on to say “A man cried in a church in Mosul as he rung the church bell because he had not prayed in it in two years”.
My mother is an Arts and History students, she graduated from the University of Baghdad, and as long as I remember she always spoke of Iraq’s history and geography and all the beauties and wonders that lay within it.
I personally do not know how to begin this topic or this page, but I have decided as she suggested with some History about Mosul which is one of the largest cities in Iraq and possibly the one with the most history and wonder.
Mosul is a very multi-cultural city, it is a cradle for Muslims, Christians, Mandeans, Jews, Yazidis, Turkman and Arminians. This long history of multiculturalism has created a city full of beautiful architecture and historic places (although the majority have been destroyed by ISIS).
Historical Mosques and Shrines:
Umayyad Mosque: The first mosque in the city, it was built in 640 AD by Utba bin Farqad Al-Salami after he occupied Mosul in the control of Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattab. The only remaining original fragment still in existence is the extraordinarily decorative brickwork 52m high minaret that leans like the Tower of Pisa, called Al-Hadba (The Humped).
The Great (Nuriddin) Mosque: which was assembled by Nuriddin Zangi in 1172 AD next door to the Umayyad Mosque. Ibn Battuta (the Moroccan wanderer) discovered a marble fountain there and a Mihrab (the niche that indicates the path of Mecca) with a Kufic engraving.
Mujahidi Mosque: The mosque goes back to 12th century AD, and is eminent for its beautiful dome and elaborately fashioned Mihrab.
The Mosque and Shrine Prophet Younis: Situated east of the city, and comprised the tomb of Prophet Younis (Jonah), dating back to the 8th century BC, with a tooth of the whale that swallowed and later freed him. It was wholly destroyed by IS in July 2014.
Prophet Jirjis Mosque and Shrine: A 14th-century mosque and shrine in the memory of Prophet Jirjis (George) were built over the Quraysh cemetery. This was also destroyed by IS in July 2014.
Prophet Daniel Shrine: A Tomb ascribed to Prophet Daniel was also demolished by ISIS in July 2014.
Hamou Qado (Hema Kado) Mosque: An Ottoman-era mosque in the central Maydan area built in 1881, and formally named Mosque of Abdulla Ibn Chalabi Ibn Abdul-Qadi. It was wrecked by ISIS in March 2015 because it contained a tomb that was revered and visited by local Muslims on Thursdays and Fridays.
Although Mosul is no longer the city is used to be, and even though ISIS destroyed many of beautiful ancient artifacts, shrines, and churches I still have hope. I think all Iraqis have hope, that one day Mosul may represent Iraq in its freedom.
May all Iraq’s all over the globe be happy and safe.
Fadak Abdulkarem Almashat.