Good Morning|Afternoon, readers of Front Line Controversy, today I wanted to dive deep into the topic of The Gate of Ishtar. I chose this topic for you guys because it is not only interesting but it is also very controversial! So firstly let us begin by learning what The Gate of Ishtar was and why it was there.
The Gate of Ishtar was the eighth gate of the city of Babylon which is now known as modern day Iraq. It was built around 575 BCE by the order of King Nebuchadnezzar II, on the North side of the city. It was dug in the early 20th century and a reconstruction using original bricks is now standing in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
Devoted to the Babylonian Idol/Goddess Ishtar, the gate was built using glazed brick with interchanging rows of mušḫuššu (dragons) and aurochs (bulls), demonstrating the gods Marduk and Adad respectively. The gate is part of the Walls of Babylon, was considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Only to be replaced by the Lighthouse of Alexandria from the third century BC.
The Gate of Ishtar is part of rich history of Iraq, and the sad part is that this is no longer in Iraq. It was removed and reconstructed from its original bricks because of the Robert Koldewey, a German archaeologist famous for the depth of his excavation of the ancient city of Babylon in modern day Iraq. He is also well known for unearthing many of the Hanging Gardens features and parts.
Why was the Gate of Ishtar built?
The Gate was built by the King Nebuchadnezzar II to serve as part of the eight gateways in the inner city of Babylon.
Who is Ishtar?
Ishtar is the Mesopotamian Goddess of love, war, sex, power, and fertility. She symbolizes the love between humans and animals, the power, and danger of love also. She is the daughter of Anu, The King of Gods. He is the “Supreme Ruler” of the Heavenly and Earthly regions.
“This Belongs to Iraq”
This image took the internet by storm, as the Iraqi student stood firmly in the Museum of Berlin holding this simple yet controversial piece of paper. This image speaks to the hearts of many Iraqis who live abroad, in particular, the Iraqis whose hearts are still mourning the loss of Iraqi history and ancient history. Not only is the Cradle of Civilization being ripped apart by war, but it is stripped of its history.
In 2002 Iraqi officials have negotiated and asked for the return of the gate, but appears that there is minimum hope of its return to its home.